Fiano, also known as Latino and Apiano, goes back to the Roman period; according to some, its name derives from the Latin apianus (bee) because of the bees’ preference for its sweet grapes, or, more probably, from the town of Apia, today Lapia, in the Avellino area. It has been in Puglia many centuries. In fact, Swabian Emperor Frederick II, known as Puer Apuliae, or Child of Puglia, enjoyed the wine, and a parchment dated 28 March 1240 contains an order to the cook to bring more Fiano upon the monarch’s arrival in Foggia. Fiano is early-ripening, vigorous, and quite adaptable to local environments. It displays a medium-small, pyramidal cluster, winged and compact, with small, green-yellow berries that develop brown spots at ripeness. Phylloxera almost resulted in the elimination of this variety from Puglia, in favour of other heavier-producing blending grapes, but quality cultivation has returned it to favour, and Fiano is experiencing a true renaissance, with new vineyards being continuously planted from north to south in the Region.