Established in 1968, San Severo is Puglia’s oldest denomination; its wines are produced in San Severo and in other nearby communes in the province of Foggia. The soils are composed of elements from the dissolution of exposed marine sediments, rich in potassium and relatively poor in organic material; the areas under vine, planted predominantly clay and silt-clay soils, lie at elevations of 60-250 metres. The climate is dry and hot, with rainfall varying between 400 and 650mm per year, 70% of it occurring in the autumn-winter period. The white wines are made largely from Bombino Bianco and Trebbiano, although contributions from Malvasia Bianca and Verdeca are allowed as well. Reds and rosés are produced from Montepulciano, Nero di Troia, Sangiovese, and Merlot. If the grape variety is listed on the label, its minimum content must be 85%. Riserva wines require a minimum maturation period of 18 months.
Wine categories: Rosso (red), Bianco (white), Rosato (rosé), Riserva (reserve), Frizzante (semi-sparking), Spumante (sparkling), Novello (nouveau).
Cacc’e mmitte di Lucera, produced only as a red wine, owes its name to a dialect term for an ancient local custom. The owners of farms that had a wine-making facility rented out the equipment, but only for the day, so that it would be available for the next user. Thus, the grapegrower had to Cacce--take out--from the vat his freshly-pressed must and bring it to his own cellar to leave space for the next renter with his load ready to Mmitte--put in--the press. The denomination, focused almost exclusively on the commune of Lucera, in the province of Foggia, boasts clay or silt-clay soils that have high water retention but a low rate of absorption, resulting in vineyards with medium crop loads. Nero di Troia is the principal grape variety, with smaller amounts of Montepulciano, Sangiovese, and Malvasia Nera; the production code allows small percentages of white grapes in the blend, specifically Trebbiano, Bombino Bianco, and Malvasia Bianca.
Categories: Rosso (red)
The Orta pass was an important trade route that in the Middle Ages connected the Region’s eastern area with Rome. The denomination of Orta Nova, linked to a commune in the province of Foggia, is not currently producing its official wine, which can be made from Sangiovese, Nero di Troia, Montepulciano, Lambrusco, or Trebbiano.
Categories: Rosso (red), Rosato (rosé).
This denomination, producing modest amounts of red wine, pertains almost exclusively to the commune of Cerignola and its surrounds in the province of Foggia. Cerignola lies in the centre of the Tavoliere, between the Daunia Pre-Apennines and the Adriatic. Already in pre-historic times, the local inhabitants cultivated, in addition to grain, tree-supported grapevines. The soils, predominantly clay and silt-clay in some areas, are relatively rock-free on the surface, but rich in mineral elements and with good water retention; the bedrock lies deep enough to allow abundant soil for vegetation. The main grape variety is Nero di Troia, which accounts for a minimum of 55% in the denomination wine, generally blended with Negroamaro, and with smaller amounts of other varieties, including Sangiovese, Montepulciano, and Trebbiano. The term Riserva may be applied to wines with a minimum of 13% alcohol that mature for at least two years in large oak ovals.
Categories: Rosso (red), Riserva (reserve)
Introduced in 2011, Tavoliere delle Puglie (also simply Tavoliere) DOP comprises an extensive area of vineyards in the centre-north of the Region. It does not include any white wines, but focuses its attention on the primary local native grape, Nero di Troia. The production code specifies a minimum of 65%, which rises to 90% if the label bears the term “Tavoliere Nero di Troia.” The term Riserva is for wines matured a minimum of 24 months, of which 8 must be in large oak ovals.
Categories: Rosso (red), Rosato (rosé), Riserva (reserve)
Castel del Monte, one of the Puglia’s best-known denominations, is produced in a very extensive area surrounding Castel del Monte, a castle of the 13th-century Emperor Fredrick II and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, in the centre-north of the Region. The vineyards lie at elevations between 180-450 metres. The most common type of soil is medium-deep, with abundant presence of dolomite and dolomitic limestone in well-delineated strata that are just a few centimetres (known as chiancarelle) to a few metres thick. While surface water sources are almost completely absent, there is a notable subsurface aquifer, though at considerable depths. The climate can be defined as dry-Mediterranean, with some 560mm of rainfall per year, largely concentrated in the autumn-winter period. In the summer months of June through August, the dry period, rainfall drops off dramatically to around 100mm. January sees cold temperatures, averaging 7°C but dipping often to below 0°C. The highest temperatures are in August and also in July, averaging 25°C. Long-traditional systems of vine-training, alberello (bush-trained) and Guyot, are prevalent in the Castel del Monte denomination, since they are well-suited to a hot-dry growing area, in contrast to more expansive methods directed to higher per-vine yields. The significant depth at which the aquifer of the Murgia karst plateau lies and the consequent high cost of extracting its water have limited the use of irrigation, with the result that use of expansive training systems generally remains restricted to lower, more fertile areas. The Castel del Monte denomination, introduced as early as 1971, boasts a wide range of grape varieties and wine types. Bombino Bianco, Pampanuto, and Chardonnay are generally used for white wine production. Nero di Troia, the area’s native red grape par excellence, is increasingly frequent in reds, although other varieties are still much-used, such as Aglianico and Montepulciano, while Bombino Nero is the grape of choice for rosés. The new Castel del Monte Rosso Riserva DOCG production code introduced in 2011 specifies that the term Riserva may be used only for wines from Cabernet Sauvignon and Aglianico. If the variety is listed on the label, the minimum amount of that grape is 90%.
Categories: Rosso (red), Bianco (white), Rosato (rosé), Riserva (reserve), Frizzante (semi-sparkling), Spumante (sparkling), Novello (nouveau).