Aglianico, cultivated since very ancient times in southern Italy, arrived, according to the now-common belief, on the Campania coast in the 8th century BC and then spread quite quickly throughout the neighbouring regions, thanks to its many attractive qualities. The term Aglianico makes its first appearance in print in 1520, in documents attesting to the ownership by Conte di Conversano, a comune in the province of Bari, of vineyards planted to this grape.
The Aglianico cluster is medium-small, cylindrical or conical, winged or not, and medium compact. The berry is medium-small in size, and of a consistent bluish-black. Its thick skin protects Aglianico from mould and makes possible a late harvest, necessary since it is a slow-ripening variety, generally reaching ripeness from the latter half of October to November. In Puglia, it is grown primarily along the border with Basilicata, and is one of the main varieties in the Castel del Monte DOP. The wine possesses outstanding cellarability.